The vacuum boost gauge is a very crucial component for supercharged or turbocharged vehicles. Its main job is to read pressure. A vacuum boost gauge is able to measure both negative and positive pressure. Reading on the vacuum boost gauge is displayed in PSI (pressure per square inch) or BAR.
Forced induction is used in order to generate more power from a small engine. A vacuum boost gauge helps to detect the boost pressure produced during the forced induction process. Additionally, a vacuum boost gauge is used to ensure whether a proper mixture of fuel and air is supplied to your engine.
In this article, we will discuss how to read a vacuum boost gauge. But first, let us take a look at what does a boost gauge actually does.
What Does Boost Gauge Do?
Before understanding the functions of a boost gauge, we have to know what forced induction is. Forced induction is a process of increasing the power output of an engine by supplying compressed air into the combustion chamber of the engine. Turbochargers and superchargers are the basic forms of forced induction.
The boost gauge is a pressure gauge that displays the boost pressure produced in a forced induced internal combustion engine. It is normally situated on the dashboard of a car. Turbochargers and superchargers can push an engine to its limit. A boost gauge is used to make sure that forced induction is not overworking the engine and pushing it beyond its limit.
All car manufacturers have OEM standards in order to ensure maximum efficiency and longevity of their engines. A boost pressure gauge helps to maintain the OEM standard. Furthermore, many car enthusiasts like to upgrade their cars with an aftermarket forced induction system and an automotive gauge can be the best solution. A boost gauge helps to ensure that they are not wearing out their engine.
How To Read A Vacuum Boost Gauge?
Reading a vacuum boost gauge can be a bit tricky. But if you follow the proper instructions, you can get accurate reading very easily. You can read a vacuum boost gauge by following three simple steps. The steps are:
Step 1: Dynamo Driving
You will need a dynamo for properly executing this step. Drive your force-induced vehicle on a dynamo and simulate different driving conditions. By doing so, you can take an accurate measurement of different boost pressures produced by your turbocharger or supercharger.
The boost gauge should be able to accurately display information about the power gain and boost. Properly note down the readings on a paper.
Step 2: Base Boost Pressure & Base RPM
Turn your car ON and warm it up by driving for about 15 minutes. After doing so, stop the car and carefully measure the boost pressure as fast as you can. The reading that you got denotes the base boost pressure produced by your turbo when the car normally idles. After that, place your car in neutral and rev the engine to 2500-3000 RPM.
Then, attempt a dead stop by placing the car in gear. Keep an eye on the RPM and the boost gauge and take note of the RPM value at which the boot gauge gives a positive reading. The reading that you got denotes the base RPM of your turbo. Keep those readings in mind if you don’t want any turbo lag during a race.
Step 3: Driving On Road
This step is almost similar to step 1 but the only difference is, you have to drive the car on a road instead of driving it on the dynamo. Drive your car simulating different situations. The turbo in your car will react differently in every situation and give you a different reading on the boost gauge.
The reading that you get is going to indicate the performance that your engine will produce in different environments. After driving for a while, watch out for the highest boost reading. The highest boost pressure reading will signal that the engine temperature is too high for a safe operation.
Types Of Vacuum Boost Gauge
There are mainly two types of vacuum boost gauges. They are:
1. Mechanical Boost Gauge
A mechanical boost gauge manually displays the amount of pressure created in your vehicle’s combustion chamber by a turbocharger or a supercharger with the help of a needle. The gauge is connected to the engine intake manifold by using an airtight tube.
A small amount of air from the intake manifold goes through the tube and physically moves the needle in the gauge giving us a reading of pressure created in the combustion chamber.
2. Electronic Boost Gauge
An electronic boost gauge works the same way as a mechanical boost gauge does. The only difference is, there are no physical connections to the engine intake manifold in the electronic boost gauge. An electronic boost gauge measures the pressure in the combustion chamber by using a sensor instead.
Electronic boost gauges are installed in more modern vehicles. Moreover, electronic boost gauges can also have needles as an indicator.
Why Are Boost Gauges Necessary?
As mentioned before, boost gauges are used exclusively on vehicles that use forced induction technology in the form of a supercharger or a turbocharger.
Forced induction naturally exerts too much pressure on the engine if not tuned properly. A boost gauge is used to safely monitor the magnitude of pressure created during the combustion process.
By taking the reading displayed on the boost gauge, you can fine-tune your supercharger or turbocharger such that, they do not exert excessive pressure on the engine. So, it can be said that a boost gauge extends the life of your engine and protects it from wear and tear.
The boost gauge is an absolute necessity for custom car builders and tuners. It helps to achieve a safe engine operation and keeps the engine from blowing up due to excessive pressure.
Do not forget to maintain maximum safety while taking the reading of the vacuum boost gauge. Keep your eyes on the road at all times. It would be best to keep a co-driver with you for taking measurements as taking measurements while driving can increase your chances of being in an accident.